Prior to the adoption of the agreement, U.S. exporters feared losing market share in the Colombian market by adopting free trade agreements negotiated by Colombia with other countries. Some U.S. exporters were particularly concerned about the Colombia-Canada Free Trade Agreement, which came into force in August 2011. U.S. wheat producers felt that the agreement resulted in a decline in the U.S. share of Colombian wheat due to the increase in Canada`s share.50 tariff quotas are restrictions on the volume of imports that can enter a country duty-free before applying tariffs. On 26 May 2011, a tripartite labour agreement was reached between representatives of the Colombian government, the private sector and some workers` representatives. The agreement, the first since June 2006, contains a consensus to call on the ILO to provide cooperation, advice and technical assistance in the implementation of the action plan measures.
However, two of Colombia`s main workers` associations, the Confederation of Workers of Colombia (CTC) and the Central Workers` Union (CUT), did not sign the agreement because they felt they did not have time to analyze the agreement or present their own proposals in the agreement. Two other confederations, the General Confederation of Labour (CGT) and the Colombian Confederation of Pensioners (CPC), signed the agreement and said it was one of the most significant advances in many years in strengthening the labour movement in Colombia.48 In response to the protests, the President reoriented his cabinet by replacing the Minister of Agriculture and several others. The government also negotiated an agreement with protesters, in which the government said it would do more to protect farmers` livelihoods and modernize the agricultural sector. The President announced that his government would support a “National Compact” for agriculture, which would include all stakeholders, including players in non-agricultural sectors. Concessions to the strikers included regulated fertilizer prices, a freeze on imports of certain products, the suspension of a resolution to produce seeds from their own harvest, and a temporary freeze on proposed price increases for diesel56.56 Before the free trade agreement came into force, Colombia applied some customs protection to all agricultural products. The trade agreement provided for immediate duty-free access to 77% of all agricultural tariff lines. Colombia will abolish most other tariffs on agricultural products in 15 years, until 2027.11 U.S. agricultural exports to Colombia that have received immediate duty-free treatment, including high-quality beef, cotton, wheat, soybeans, soybeans, apples, pears, peaches, cherries and many processed foods. , including frozen fries and cookies.
LAND products in the United States that have gained better market access include pork, beef, corn, poultry, rice, fruits and vegetables, processed products and dairy products. The agreement also provides duty-free tariff quotas for standard beef, chicken-legged neighbourhoods, dairy products, corn, sorghum, feed, rice and soybean oil.12 The U.S.-Colombia trade agreement, which came into force on May 15, 2012, came into force. It is a comprehensive free trade agreement between the United States and Colombia that will ultimately eliminate tariffs and other barriers to bilateral trade in goods and services.