97% of the 184 climate promises, which were presented after the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015-16 and that only six countries have revised their commitments are the same as the 184 climate pledges originally presented in 2015-16 after the adoption of the Paris Agreement, and only six countries have revised their commitments – four countries have strengthened their emissions reduction plans and two nations have scaled back their commitments. Read also: Is the Paris climate agreement “a lightning train heading for a pitfall”? “To counter such a report, scientists in developing countries will have a completely opposite view, in which they will blame developed countries. All these differing views and reports give rise to conflicting views on the debate on climate change at the international level. For nearly 30 years, we have seen nations compete as they discuss climate change at the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). The United States and China, which together account for 40% of global CO2 emissions, both formally acceded to the Paris Global Climate Agreement earlier this month. Chandra Bhushan, an independent climate expert in India, criticised the UEF report on oversimplification of climate change. According to reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global warming above 2 degrees Celsius will lead to an increase in the number of “extreme climate events”. One of the important objectives of the Paris Agreement is therefore to keep the global temperature rise “well below” 2 degrees Celsius and to continue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The pact and its progress are reviewed every five years. In addition, developed countries have pledged $100 billion in climate finance per year to developing countries by 2020 to finance them in the future.
While there is no penalty for countries that fail to meet their objectives, the agreement contains transparency rules that help countries meet their commitments. As a developing country, India must set several priorities, including sustainable economic growth for millions of its populations and reducing air pollution and climate effects for vulnerable populations. While there are technical, financial and regulatory challenges, India has made considerable progress in implementing its climate promises.