On 7 February 2018, after months of negotiations, the conservative CDU and SPD agreed on a major coalition agreement. The SPD is likely to retain the environment ministry, while the CDU will take over the Ministry of Energy. We have looked at the coalition agreement which gives indications of the position of the new German coalition on energy and Co2. Since 2005, the SPD has been a junior partner in successive coalition governments led by Angela Merkel. After the 2017 federal elections, in which the SPD won only 20.5% of the vote, its worst score since World War II, SPD leader Martin Schulz ruled out his party`s participation in a new federal government with the CDU Angela Merkel party. Even after the failure of coalition talks between the CDU, the FDP and alliance 90/The Greens, the party`s steering committee upheld the decision. But by the end of 2017, the position of SPD leaders had changed with the board`s vote in favour of exploratory talks in December of this year. After the first successful talks, the SPD opened formal coalition talks with the CDU and CSU in January 2018. Martin Schulz had to resign after the coalition negotiations.  The result was 66.02% for the coalition agreement.  In particular, it was agreed that European governments would be able to take “all necessary internal legislative and administrative measures” to prevent refugees and migrants from crossing Europe`s internal borders. The Guardian called it “an apparent artery of life for Merkel.”  While Merkel claimed that she had concluded agreements with Greece and Spain, as well as commitments from 14 states on the deportation of registered migrants, they under-expected, the Visegrad Group, the governments of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland then challenged the emergence of new agreements.  The coalition agreement refers 298 times to Europe.
“For Germany, a strong and united Europe is the best guarantee of a bright future in peace, freedom and prosperity,” he says. That is why the future government also wants to bring more money to the EU budget. Germany wants to cooperate closely with its neighbours, France and Poland, and supports the eventual accession of the Western Balkan countries.