Select Page

WASHINGTON — Under the supervision of the Defense Production Act, FEMA has reached a voluntary agreement to strengthen coordination and cooperation with the private sector to provide critical health and medical resources to respond to future COVID-19 pandemics. This voluntary agreement allows federal departments and agencies to put in place action plans for information exchange and coordination within sectoral supply chain networks. It will also allow the federal government to plan response activities with private sector partners and collect and use real-time data to make important decisions. Participants in the agreement benefit from an exemption from the rules on cartels and abuse of dominance for specific measures taken as part of an action plan. For more information on the agreement, see the Federal Register in which the agreement was published on August 17, 2020, in the Fact Sheet or on the Q-A website. Each participant undertakes to work voluntarily with all members of the Committee to recommend action plans and subcommittees that, under FEMA`s instruction and authority, will maximize the efficiency of the production and distribution of critical health resources across the country to respond to a pandemic, creating a unit of effort between participants and the federal government for integrated coordination, planning, information sharing with FEMA, and the allocation and allocation of critical health resources. These efforts are aimed at promoting efficiency and timeliness to alleviate the lack of critical health resources, respond to a pandemic, and meet the general needs of health care and other selected critical infrastructure sectors, as well as the requirements needed to continue the functions of government as a whole. The list of qualifications above suggests the problems of this approach. As noted in point 3 above, consumers of pollution are generally consumers of a public evil that is not competitive in consumption; What we get, everyone. In this case, negotiations between wastewater recipients will not result in an effective distribution among recipients: some will want lower levels of pollution than others and will be willing to pay, but the fact that pollution is not competitive will prevent this result. When a recipient pays a polluter for an additional discount, all beneficiaries benefit in the same way. This non-competition in consumption explains why free trade in a public bath will not reach the social optimum.

Each action plan will describe the information that members will share, as managed by FEMA and under FEMA control. This information is used to provide a common picture of the company in order to promote the objective of the action plan and/or to promote general situational awareness for the production and distribution of critical health resources. In 23 countries, the regulatory framework provided for a review of PRT prices. In Denmark and Ireland, revisions have also taken place at regular intervals, but they are based on a voluntary agreement between public payers and the pharmaceutical industry instead of legislation. Countries with revision or monitoring legislation had either fixed dates or fixed intervals between one month and five years. Of the 26 countries that followed prices and corrected prices, 18 did this exercise regularly, with the remainder on some occasions. The duration of the intervals ranged from 3 months to 5 years. In some cases, regular price controls or revisions are linked to certain medicines: in Norway, the prices of 250 substances representing about three quarters of the value market have been revised each year and, in Spain and Ireland, prices of non-patented medicines have been regularly updated once a year. Five countries (Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Germany and Hungary) indicated that they did not have regular intervals for price changes.